Week 4 Scholarly Article Content Analysis

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Case Conceptualization:

Orion is a 4-year-old African American child. He comes into counseling referred by his primary pediatrician. Orion has been diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder. He has difficulty with communication, has deficits in empathizing with others’ intentions, and struggles with single-mindedness. Orion’s parents and preschool teacher have noticed a pervasive pattern of emotional dysregulation which includes frequent episodes of hysterical crying. Orion’s parents are concerned that he is not going to be promoted to kindergarten next year if he does not improve his ability to relate positively with others and improve his ability to regulate his emotions.



Haas, S. C., & Ray, D. C. (2020). Child-centered play therapy with children affected by adverse childhood experiences: A single-case design. International Journal of Play Therapy29(4).

  1. Is the article above a peer-reviewed, scholarly source?

The article for this assignment has been evaluated by other scientists. To complete the process, I looked up and enter the title into the search area. I discovered that it was an academic/scholarly paper after clicking the link to the article. Using peer-reviewed publications is essential since they have undergone expert scrutiny to confirm that the work contains credible results based on expert experimentation that has addressed pertinent research topics. These professionals evaluate the study’s reliability, significance, and originality. Peer review serves as a filter to distinguish between high-quality work and subpar work, preventing low-quality work from being published. So, by employing a peer-reviewed article, we may get knowledge on the issue from an article that has been evaluated by an expert, which reduces the likelihood of the material being incorrect because it has been reviewed (Dang et al., 2022).

  1. What is the (a) problem the researchers were investigating/purpose of the research and (b) research question the researchers were trying to answer? This is a 2-part question. 

The purpose of this study was to examine the potential effects of child-centered play therapy on children who experienced four or more adverse childhood experiences (ACEs). They examined how child’s psychological symptoms, social relationships, and problem behaviors were impacted by child-centered play therapy.

Haas and Ray’s research (2020) aimed to answer the question, “What is the impact of CCPT on the emotional manifestations, behavioral issues, ADHD, socializing problems, prosocial conduct, and PTSD of children who suffered from four or more ACEs?”

  1. Describe the sample/participants in the study.

One 8-year-old boy and one 9-year-old girl who are both Caucasian participated in the study. They were picked from a clinic at a college in the southwest region of the country. The families that visit this clinic are low-income and uneducated (Haas & Ray, 2020).

  1. Did the researchers secure permission to conduct the study and/or secure informed consent from the participants? Were there any cultural concerns noted or do you have any concerns about bias?

The researchers obtained IRB approval for this study. Once authorized, the researchers sought subjects at the clinic by reviewing admissions of children aged 4 to 9 who seemed to fit the requirements. They made contact with the children’s parents, who met the criteria and asked if they would be interested in the study. They were seeking children with four or more ACEs, therefore they were provided an ACE-modified checklist if they were interested. They next informed their parents of the study in further detail and requested their agreement (Haas & Ray, 2020).

Only two white volunteers participated in this study; there are numerous cultural issues and biases. Assuming that this violates HIPAA and may be prejudiced based on the patient’s demographics or what was said on their intake forms, the researchers identified the participants by searching through clinic intake forms. This is in keeping with the necessity that scientists be conscious of sample bias, where they have to ensure that all groups are comparable and equal. According to the ACE’s checklist, both of the participants in this research match the requirements for parental divorce, physical and emotional abuse, domestic abuse, home substance abuse, household psychiatric illness, and household member in prison.

  1. Identify exactly what data was collected by the researchers in the study.

Is the data quantitative (numeric data such as scores on assessments like the Iowa Basic Skills Test (IBST) or the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)? 

If there are assessment instruments used – are they numerical results or narrative results?

Is the data qualitative (for example, clinical intake interviews or a narrative behavioral observation? 

An initial interview with the caregivers was conducted before the research began, and three instruments were given to them: a 90-question trauma symptom checklist for kids, a 25-item strengths and difficulties questionnaire, and a 10-item adverse childhood experiences checklist that was translated into the caregivers’ language so they could respond about their children. To establish a baseline, the strengths and issues questionnaire was given each week for three weeks while no therapy was provided. It was given again once the study was over after the strengths and weaknesses questionnaire, which was given first. The young children’s trauma symptom checklist was offered at the 12th and 24th sessions.To learn how the kids and caregivers felt after treatment, another interview with them was undertaken (Haas & Ray, 2020).

The initial and last interviews contain qualitative information because the researchers want to assess how the therapy has impacted the kid via real-world lenses, producing narrative outcomes. The strength and issues questionnaire, trauma indicator checklist for young kids, and adverse childhood encounters checklist are all quantitative in the notion that they attempt to establish a link between the variables and the hypothesis and yield numerical results.

  1. What was the outcome or the general result of the research study?

What is the answer to the research question?

The research investigation discovered that both individuals’ ACE symptoms were significantly reduced by a child-centered play therapist intervention. After the intervention stage, neither subject experienced clinical issues, and their symptoms significantly improved across the board. Both participants gained self-actualization skills during the intervention, which boosted their consciousness and confidence (Haas & Ray, 2020). Child-centered play therapy appears to be a major intervention for children who suffer because they have had four or more ACEs, according to the study question’s response.

  1. Based on your understanding of the results of the research study presented, discuss how the outcomes can be generally applied to your future counseling practice.

By realizing that child center play therapists may help alleviate symptoms brought on by having a high ACE score, I can apply the research study’s findings in my future clinical work. adolescents receiving behavioral rehabilitation therapy while in therapeutic foster care (BRS). Since I have more than five years of experience working with BRS adolescents, these are the clients I want to continue serving. This study provides evidence that child-centered play therapists assist children in developing self-acceptance and the self-assurance they require to deal with challenges as adults. Another amazing finding was that Justin didn’t need to be picked up from school anymore and that the intervention had greatly decreased his symptoms (Haas & Ray, 2020). Working with BRS adolescents has made me aware of how they exhibit the same red flags Justin and Megan showed before the intervention. I think this intervention would be helpful for some of my potential customers.

  1. How does this research article apply to the case study at the top of the worksheet?

Orion’s symptoms are similar to those in this study report, suggesting that his problems could get better with the help of a child-centered play therapist. The child’s environment may change when the therapist and parents work together through consultation, perhaps fostering healing and progress (Haas & Ray, 2020). This study looked at the effectiveness of child-centered play therapists in managing kids with four or more ACEs who also exhibit emotional symptoms, behavioral problems, hyperactivity/inattention, peer interaction problems, prosocial behavior, and post-traumatic stress disorder.

Orion, an autistic 4-year-old, has difficulty understanding others’ intentions, attention issues, a recurrent pattern of emotional dysregulation, and regular periods of hysterical screaming, all of which may be connected to his autism. Similar symptoms are present in Orion, but they are not caused by the presence of four or more ACEs. I also think that this study focused on children of white culture who had suffered serious trauma. Orion is a young African American man from a foreign culture; hence the study article’s weak external validity may lead the results to change.The therapy goal or course of action that I, as a counsellor, may infer from the study’s findings would be that Orion will increase his self-actualization (Raff, 2018). For 24 weeks, Orion will visit a play therapist twice a week. Finally, Orion’s parents will have 30-minute sessions twice a month with the play therapist.


Dang, D., Dearholt, S., Bissett, K., Ascenzi, J., & Whalen, M. (2022). Johns Hopkins Evidence-based Practice for Nurses and Healthcare Professionals: Model & Guidelines (4th ed.). Sigma Theta Tau International.

Haas, S. C., & Ray, D. C. (2020). Child-centered play therapy with children affected by adverse childhood experiences: A single-case design. International Journal of Play Therapy29(4).

Raff, J. (2018, January 3). How to read and understand a scientific article links to an external site. [Blog post]. Retrieved from


To Prepare

  • Review the media programs and blog found in the Learning Resources which will introduce you to the critical elements of a scholarly article, how to identify them, and how to read scholarly articles.
  • Review the Haas and Ray (2020) article found in the Learning Resources. You will use this article to complete this Assignment.
  • Review the Scholarly Article Content Analysis Worksheet Preparation Guide, the Scholarly Article Content Analysis Worksheet including the brief case conceptualization found in the Learning Resources and consider the “client” for any counseling implications. Note: you will use this Worksheet to complete this Assignment.


  • Complete the Scholarly Article Content Analysis Worksheet for the Hass & Ray (2020) article.
  • Analyze the contents of the article and apply the findings to the case conceptualization included in the worksheet.
  • Critically analyze the article and identify all components:
    • Is the article scholarly?
    • What is the problem/purpose?
    • What is(are) the research question(s)?
    • Who are the participants?
    • What are the ethical/cultural considerations?
    • What data /information was collected from participants?
    • How did the researchers describe the results/answer to the research question?
    • How does this research apply to the case study?

Be sure to support your Assignment by citing all resources including those in the Learning Resources. Use proper APA 7th Edition format and citations.

Required Readings

Required Media

  • Walden University, LLC. (Producer). (2016). Literature review [Video file]. Baltimore, MD: Author
    Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 8 minutes.


  • Walden University, LLC. (Producer). (2017k). Purpose of research [Video file]. Baltimore, MD: Author.
    Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 15 minutes.



Responsiveness: By Day 7, complete the Scholarly Article Content Analysis Worksheet for the Haas and Ray (2020) article.Analyze the contents of the article and apply the findings to the case conceptualization included in the worksheet.Critically analyze the article and identify all components:Is the article scholarly?What is the problem/purpose?What is(are) the research question(s)?Who are the participants?What are the ethical/cultural considerations?What data /information was collected from participants?How did the researchers describe the results/answer to the research question?How does this research apply to the case study?
Paper is responsive to and exceeds the requirements given in the instructions. It:… 1.) Responds to assigned or selected topic;… 2.) Goes beyond what is required in some meaningful way (e.g., ideas contribute a new dimension to what we know about the topic, unearths something unanticipated, etc.)
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeContent Knowledge:The extent to which the content in the paper or writing assignment demonstrates an understanding of the important knowledge the paper/assignment is intended to demonstrate.
The paper demonstrates:… 1.) In-depth understanding and application of concepts and issues presented in the course (e.g., insightful interpretations or analyses; accurate and perceptive parallels, ideas, opinions, and conclusions) showing that the student has absorbed the general principles and ideas presented and makes inferences about the concepts/issues or connects to them to other ideas;… 2.) Rich and relevant examples;… 3.) Thought-provoking ideas and interpretations, original thinking, new perspectives;… 4.) Original and critical thinking; and… 5.) Mastery and thoughtful/accurate application of knowledge and skills or strategies presented in the course.
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeQuality of Writing:The extent to which the student communicated in a way that meets graduate level writing or communication expectations.
Writing or communication exceeds graduate-level expectations. The paper:… 1.) Includes language that is clear, concise, and appropriate;… 2.) Has few, if any, errors in spelling (if written), grammar, and syntax;… 3.) Is extremely well organized, logical, clear, and never confuses the reader or listener;… 4.) Uses a preponderance of original language and uses direct quotes only when necessary and/or appropriate;… 5.) Provides information about a source when citing or paraphrasing it.

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