NURS 6540 Week 2 Discussion: Assessment Tools

NURS 6540 Week 2 Discussion: Assessment Tools

NURS 6540 Week 2 Discussion: Assessment Tools

As geriatric patients age, their health and functional stability may decline resulting in the inability to perform basic activities of daily living. In your role as the advanced practice nurse, you must assess whether the needs of these aging patients are being met. Comprehensive geriatric assessments are used to determine whether these patients have developed or are at risk of developing age-related changes that interfere with their functional status. Since the health status and living situation of geriatric patients often differ, there are a variety of assessment tools that can be used to evaluate wellness and functional ability.

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For this Discussion, consider which assessment tools would be appropriate for the patients in the following three case studies:

Case Study 1

Mr. Smith, age 77, reports for an annual physical examination. He says he is doing well. His only known problem is osteoarthritis. He also requests a flu shot. He takes no medications other than Tylenol for arthritis pain. When he walks into the exam room, you notice that he is using a straight cane in his right hand. When you ask about the cane, he says he began using the cane because the pain in his right hip had increased significantly over the past 6 months.

Case Study 2

Mr. Jones, a 68-year-old man, was referred to your office for a hearing evaluation. He continues to work in a printing company, although he works only part-time. He has worked at the printing company for the past 35 years. He complains that he cannot hear much of the dialogue on the television. He is accompanied by his wife, who states that her husband cannot hear her at home. He has no history of dizziness, tinnitus, or vertigo. He has had cerumen impactions removed from both ears in the past. Overall, his medical history is quite benign. His only medications are aspirin 81 mg daily, a multivitamin daily, and occasional ibuprofen for back pain

Case Study 3

Mrs. Roberts, an 83-year-old widow, is brought to the office by her daughter. The daughter claims that her mother seems to be depressed. There is a history of depression approximately five years ago, shortly after Mrs. Roberts’ husband died. At that time, she was successfully treated with antidepressants. Currently, the daughter states that her mother’s memory for appointments and events has declined severely, and she can no longer drive because she does not remember the route to the store or other familiar places. The daughter also noted that her mother’s house seemed very disorganized and dirty, there was a limited amount of food in the kitchen, and the checkbook had not been balanced for several months. Mrs. Roberts appears slightly disheveled, she has a flat affect, and she does not maintain eye contact during your interview.

To prepare:

Review the Rosen and Reuben article in this week’s Learning Resources. Consider how assessment tools are used to evaluate patients.

Select one of the three case studies. Based on the provided information, think about a possible patient evaluation plan. As part of your evaluation planning, consider where the evaluation would take place, whether any other professionals or family members should be present, appropriate assessment tools and guidelines, and any other relevant information you may wish to address.

Consider whether the assessment tool you identified was validated for use with this specific patient population and if this poses issues. Think about additional factors that might present issues when performing assessments, such as language, education, prosthetics, missing limbs, etc.

Week 4 Assignment 1: Practicum – Week 3 SOAP Note

In addition to journal entries, SOAP Note submissions are a way to reflect on your practicum experiences and connect these experiences to your classroom experience. SOAP Notes, such as the ones required in this course, are often used in clinical settings to document patient care. Refer to this week’s Learning Resources for guidance on writing SOAP Notes.

Select a geriatric patient that you examined during the last 3 weeks. The patient you select should be currently taking at least five prescription and/or over-the-counter drugs. With this patient in mind, address the following in a SOAP Note:

Subjective: What was the patient’s subjective complaint? What details did the patient provide regarding his or her personal and medical history? Include a list of prescription and over-the-counter drugs the patient is currently taking. Compare this list with the Beers Criteria and consider alternative drugs if appropriate.

Objective: What observations did you make during the physical assessment? What functional assessments were used?

Assessment: What were your differential diagnoses? Provide a minimum of three possible diagnoses. List them from top priority to least priority.

Plan: What was your plan for diagnostics and primary diagnosis? What was your plan for treatment and management including alternative therapies? What is your care plan for the patient? How would you offer caregiver support?

Reflection notes: What would you do differently in a similar patient evaluation? How might you improve your assessment, diagnosis, and/or plan through interprofessional collaboration?

Refer to this week’s Learning Resources for guidance on writing SOAP Notes.

By Day 7 of Week 4

This Assignment is . You will submit this Week 3 SOAP Note along with your Journal Entries (from Weeks 1, 2, and 4) by Day 7 of Week 4.

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