Nurs-6501 Case Study Week 4 Module 2 Paper

Nurs-6501 Case Study Week 4 Module 2 Paper

Nurs-6501 Case Study Week 4 Module 2 Paper

Case Study Analysis
The case study depicts a 76-year-old female with weight gain, dyspnea, peripheral edema, and abdominal swelling. The patient has a history of congestive heart failure (CHF) and does not comply with her diuretics due to increased urination. She also experiences orthopnea. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary pathophysiologic processes contributing to the patient’s symptoms and the racial/ethnic variables that can affect physiological functioning.

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Nurs-6501 Case Study Week 4 Module 2 Paper
Just from $13/Page
Order Essay

ORDER A CUSTOM PAPER NOW

Cardiovascular and Cardiopulmonary Pathophysiologic Processes
The patient’s symptoms can be attributed to cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary pathophysiologic processes affecting the right and left sides of the heart. The patient experienced left ventricular dysfunction, characterized by decreased cardiac output and increased pulmonary venous pressure (Schwinger, 2021). When pulmonary capillary pressure surpasses the oncotic pressure of plasma proteins, fluid ejects from the capillaries into the interstitial space and alveoli. This reduces pulmonary compliance and increases the work of breathing. Besides, deoxygenated pulmonary arterial blood passes through poorly ventilated alveoli, reducing systemic arterial oxygenation and causing dyspnea. This explains the patient’s dyspnea and orthopnea.
The patient also has symptoms of right ventricular dysfunction. This occurs when there is an increase in systemic venous pressure that causes fluid leakage and consequent edema, mainly in dependent tissues like feet, ankles, and abdominal viscera. Fluid accumulation occurs in the peritoneal cavity resulting in ascites and weight gain due to fluid congestion (Schwinger, 2021). Right ventricular dysfunction explains the patient’s weight gain, peripheral edema, and abdominal swelling.
Racial/Ethnic Variables That May Impact Physiological Functioning
Black adults have a higher burden of cardiovascular risk factors like hypertension and obesity. Thus, they are more than twice as likely to suffer cardiovascular disease mortality, relative to Whites (Javed et al., 2022). Likewise, American Indian individuals are 1.5 times as likely to suffer from coronary heart disease, than Whites. People of color, including Hispanics, Blacks, Asians, and American Indians, experience different degrees of social disadvantage that put them at increased risk of cardiovascular disease and poor health outcomes, including mortality. Therefore, cardiovascular risk factors common in minority ethnic/racial populations increase individuals’ chances of developing CHF.
How These Processes Interact To Affect the Patient
Patients with CHF have a poor prognosis except if the cause can be corrected. CHF entails slow deterioration, interrupted by episodes of severe decompensation, and eventually death. Left ventricular dysfunction affects patients by causing tachycardia and tachypnea. Patients may appear hypotensive, dyspneic, or cyanotic, and confused or agitated due to hypoxia and poor cerebral perfusion (Fernandes et al., 2020). Right ventricular dysfunction causes congestion that affects patients by causing edema, unending cough, and ascites.
Conclusion
The patient’s dyspnea and orthopnea can be attributed to left ventricular dysfunction characterized by decreased cardiac output. On the other hand, right ventricular dysfunction has contributed to edema and abdominal swelling due to fluid congestion. Ethnic minority groups have a higher prevalence of cardiovascular diseases like CHF due to exposure to cardiovascular risk factors.

References
Fernandes, S. L., Carvalho, R. R., Santos, L. G., Sá, F. M., Ruivo, C., Mendes, S. L., Martins, H., & Morais, J. A. (2020). Pathophysiology and Treatment of Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction: State of the Art and Prospects for the Future. Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia, 114(1), 120–129. https://doi.org/10.36660/abc.20190111
Javed, Z., Haisum Maqsood, M., Yahya, T., Amin, Z., Acquah, I., Valero-Elizondo, J., … & Nasir, K. (2022). Race, racism, and cardiovascular health: applying a social determinants of health framework to racial/ethnic disparities in cardiovascular disease. Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes, 15(1), e007917. https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCOUTCOMES.121.007917
Schwinger, R. H. G. (2021). Pathophysiology of heart failure. Cardiovascular diagnosis and therapy, 11(1), 263–276. https://doi.org/10.21037/cdt-20-302

ORDER A PLAGIARISM-FREE PAPER HERE

Be sure that your paper is no one than 1-2 content pages. You are to also include both a title page and a reference page.
The Assignment (1- to 2-page case study analysis)
Develop a 1- to 2-page case study analysis in which you:

76-year-old female patient complains of weight gain, shortness of breath, peripheral edema, and abdominal swelling. She has a history of congestive heart failure and admits to not taking her diuretic, as it makes her “have to get up every couple hours to go to the bathroom.” She now has to sleep on two pillows in order to get enough air.
Be sure to also include a title and reference page. In your Case Study Analysis related to the scenario provided, explain the following
The cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary pathophysiologic processes that result in the patient presenting these symptoms.
Any racial/ethnic variables that may impact physiological functioning.
How these processes interact to affect the patient.
At least three primary sources

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
$0.00
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with Proscholarly
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
Testimonials
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF NURSE ADVOCATE HEALTHCARE PROGRAM
The absolute best ! Thanks for great communication, quality papers, and amazing time delivery!
Customer 452467, November 14th, 2022
Medicine
Well researched paper. Excellent work
Customer 452441, November 11th, 2022
Medicine
This was done very well. Thank you!
Customer 452441, November 11th, 2022
Medicine
Great work, Thank you, will come back with more work
Customer 452441, November 11th, 2022
Medicine
Very fond of the paper written. The topic chosen is defiantly trending at this time
Customer 452495, July 27th, 2023
Medicine
Good work. Will be placing another order tomorrow
Customer 452441, November 11th, 2022
11,595
Customer reviews in total
96%
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
37%
Customers referred by a friend
OUR GIFT TO YOU
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat