NRNP 6675 Evaluation and Management Week 2 Assignment Paper

NRNP 6675 Evaluation and Management Week 2 Assignment Paper

NRNP 6675 Evaluation and Management Week 2 Assignment Paper

Pathways Mental Health
PSYCHIATRIC PATIENT EVALUATION
INSTRUCTIONS Use the following case template to complete Week 2 Assignment 1. On page 5, assign DSM-5-TR and Updated ICD-10 codes to the services documented. You willadd yournarrative answers to the assignment questions to the bottom of this template and submit altogether as one document.
IDENTIFYING INFORMATION Identification was verified by stating of their name and date of birth.

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Time spent for evaluation: 0900am-0957am
CHIEF COMPLAINT “My other provider retired. I don’t think I’m doing so well.”
HPI 25 yo Russian female evaluated for psychiatric evaluation referred from her retiring practitioner for PTSD, ADHD, Stimulant Use Disorder, in remission. She is currently prescribed fluoxetine 20mg po daily for PTSD, atomoxetine 80mg po daily for ADHD.

Today, client denied symptoms of depression, denied anergia, anhedonia, amotivation, no anxiety, denied frequent worry, reports feeling restlessness, no reported panic symptoms, no reported obsessive/compulsive behaviors. Client denies active SI/HI ideations, plans or intent. There is no evidence of psychosis or delusional thinking. Client denied past episodes of hypomania, hyperactivity, erratic/excessive spending, involvement in dangerous activities, self-inflated ego, grandiosity, or promiscuity. Client reports increased irritability and easily frustrated, loses things easily, makes mistakes, hard time focusing and concentrating, affecting her job. Has low frustration tolerance, sleeping 5–6 hrs/24hrs reports nightmares of previous rape, isolates, fearful to go outside, has missed several days of work, appetite decreased. She has somatic concerns with GI upset and headaches. Client denied any current binging/purging behaviors, denied withholding food from self or engaging in anorexic behaviors. No self-mutilation behaviors.
DIAGNOSTIC SCREENING RESULTS Screen of symptoms in the past 2 weeks:

PHQ 9= 0 with symptoms rated as no difficulty in functioning
Interpretation of Total Score
Total Score Depression Severity 1-4 Minimal depression 5-9 Mild depression 10-14 Moderate depression 15-19 Moderately severe depression 20-27 Severe depression

GAD 7= 2 with symptoms rated as no difficulty in functioning
Interpreting the Total Score:
Total Score Interpretation ≥10 Possible diagnosis of GAD; confirm by further evaluation 5 Mild Anxiety 10 Moderate anxiety 15 Severe anxiety

MDQ screen negative

PCL-5 Screen 32
PAST PSYCHIATRIC AND SUBSTANCE USE TREATMENT • Entered mental health system when she was age 19 after raped by a stranger during a house burglary.
• Previous Psychiatric Hospitalizations: denied
• Previous Detox/Residential treatments: one for abuse of stimulants and cocaine in 2015
• Previous psychotropic medication trials: sertraline (became suicidal), trazodone (worsened nightmares), bupropion (became suicidal), Adderall (began abusing)
• Previous mental health diagnosis per client/medical record: GAD, Unspecified Trauma, PTSD, Stimulant use disorder, ADHD confirmed by school records
SUBSTANCE USE HISTORY Have you used/abused any of the following (include frequency/amt/last use):

Substance Y/N Frequency/Last Use
Tobacco products Y ½
ETOH Y last drink 2 weeks ago, reports drinks 1-2 times monthly one drink socially
Cannabis N
Cocaine Y last use 2015
Prescription stimulants Y last use 2015
Methamphetamine N
Inhalants N
Sedative/sleeping pills N
Hallucinogens N
Street Opioids N
Prescription opioids N
Other: specify (spice, K2, bath salts, etc.) Y reports one-time ecstasy use in 2015

Any history of substance related:
• Blackouts: +
• Tremors: –
• DUI: –
• D/T’s: –
• Seizures: –
Longest sobriety reported since 2015—stayed sober maintaining sponsor, sober friends, and meetings
PSYCHOSOCIAL HISTORY Client was raised by adoptive parents since age 6; from Russian orphanage. She has unknown siblings. She is single; has no children.
Employed at local tanning bed salon
Education: High School Diploma
Denied current legal issues.
SUICIDE / HOMICIDE RISK ASSESSMENT RISK FACTORS FOR SUICIDE:
• Suicidal Ideas or plans – no
• Suicide gestures in past – no
• Psychiatric diagnosis – yes
• Physical Illness (chronic, medical) – no
• Childhood trauma – yes
• Cognition not intact – no
• Support system – yes
• Unemployment – no
• Stressful life events – yes
• Physical abuse – yes
• Sexual abuse – yes
• Family history of suicide – unknown
• Family history of mental illness – unknown
• Hopelessness – no
• Gender – female
• Marital status – single
• White race
• Access to means
• Substance abuse – in remission

PROTECTIVE FACTORS FOR SUICIDE:
• Absence of psychosis – yes
• Access to adequate health care – yes
• Advice & help seeking – yes
• Resourcefulness/Survival skills – yes
• Children – no
• Sense of responsibility – yes
• Pregnancy – no; last menses one week ago, has Norplant
• Spirituality – yes
• Life satisfaction – “fair amount”
• Positive coping skills – yes
• Positive social support – yes
• Positive therapeutic relationship – yes
• Future oriented – yes

Suicide Inquiry: Denies active suicidal ideations, intentions, or plans. Denies recent self-harm behavior. Talks futuristically. Denied history of suicidal/homicidal ideation/gestures; denied history of self-mutilation behaviors

Global Suicide Risk Assessment: The client is found to be at low risk of suicide or violence, however, risk of lethality increased under context of drugs/alcohol.

No required SAFETY PLAN related to low risk
MENTAL STATUS EXAMINATION She is a 25 yo Russian female who looks her stated age. She is cooperative with examiner. She is neatly groomed and clean, dressed appropriately. There is mild psychomotor restlessness. Her speech is clear, coherent, normal in volume and tone, has strong cultural accent. Her thought process is ruminative. There is no evidence of looseness of association or flight of ideas. Her mood is anxious, mildly irritable, and her affect appropriate to her mood. She was smiling at times in an appropriate manner. She denies any auditory or visual hallucinations. There is no evidence of any delusional thinking. She denies any current suicidal or homicidal ideation. Cognitively, She is alert and oriented to all spheres. Her recent and remote memory is intact. Her concentration is fair. Her insight is good.
CLINICAL IMPRESSION Client is a 25 yo Russian female who presents with history of treatment for PTSD, ADHD, Stimulant use Disorder, in remission.
Moods are anxious and irritable. She has ongoing reported symptoms of re-experiencing, avoidance, and hyperarousal of her past trauma experiences; ongoing subsyndromal symptoms related to her past ADHD diagnosis and exacerbated by her PTSD diagnosis. She denied vegetative symptoms of depression, no evident mania/hypomania, no psychosis, denied anxiety symptoms. Denied current cravings for drugs/alcohol, exhibits no withdrawal symptoms, has somatic concerns of GI upset and headaches.
At the time of disposition, the client adamantly denies SI/HI ideations, plans or intent and has the ability to determine right from wrong, and can anticipate the potential consequences of behaviors and actions. She is a low risk for self-harm based on her current clinical presentation and her risk and protective factors.
DIAGNOSTIC IMPRESSION [STUDENT TO PROVIDE DSM-5-TR AND UPDATED ICD-10 CODING]
i. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) DSM-5 309.81; ICD-10 F43. 10
ii. Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder DSM-5 314.01; ICD-10 F90.0
TREATMENT PLAN 1) Medication:
• Increase fluoxetine 40mg po daily for PTSD #30 1 RF
• Continue with atomoxetine 80mg po daily for ADHD. #30 1 RF

Instructed to call and report any adverse reactions.

Future Plan: monitor for decrease re-experiencing, hyperarousal, and avoidance symptoms; monitor for improved concentration, less mistakes, less forgetful

2) Education: Risks and benefits of medications are discussed including non-treatment. Potential side effects of medications discussed. Verbal informed consent obtained.

Not to drive or operate dangerous machinery if feeling sedated.

Not to stop medication abruptly without discussing with providers.

Discussed risks of mixing medications with OTC drugs, herbal, alcohol/illegal drugs. Instructed to avoid this practice. Praised and Encouraged ongoing abstinence. Maintain support system, sponsors, and meetings.

Discussed how drugs/ETOH affects mental health, physical health, sleep architecture.

3) Patient was educated about therapy and services of the MHC including emergent care. Referral was sent via email to therapy team for PET treatment.

4) Patient has emergency numbers: Emergency Services 911, the national Crisis Line 800-273-TALK, the MHC Crisis Clinic. Patient was instructed to go to nearest ER or call 911 if they become actively suicidal and/or homicidal.

5) Time allowed for questions and answers provided. Provided supportive listening. Patient appeared to understand discussion and appears to have capacity for decision making via verbal conversation.

6) RTC in 30 days

7) Follow up with PCP for GI upset and headaches, reviewed PCP history and physical dated one week ago and include lab results

Patient is amenable with this plan and agrees to follow treatment regimen as discussed.

NARRATIVE ANSWERS
• Explain what pertinent information, generally, is required in documentation to support DSM-5-TR and Updated ICD-10 coding.
Pertinent information required when documenting to support DSM-5-TR coding include the patient’s diagnostic features, related clinical features supporting the DSM-5 diagnosis, diagnostic measures, prognostic factors, clinical subtypes, and functional consequences. Other needed information includes differential diagnosis, culture and gender-related diagnostic issues, and recording procedures (Regier & Narrow, 2018). On the other hand, pertinent information required in documentation to support ICD-10 coding includes signs and symptoms, the cause of the disease or injury, anatomical site, type, time of onset, and severity of the injury or disease. In addition, ICD-10 coding documentation should include the type of patient encounter, applied specificity (if the patient lost consciousness), acute or chronic disease, relief or non-relief of symptoms, the intervention being performed, and the location of the incident (Clements, 2022).
• Explain what pertinent documentation is missing from the case scenario, and what other information would be helpful to narrow your coding and billing options.
The case scenario is missing pertinent information crucial in coding and billing. The information includes the type of clinical encounter, severity of the patient’s clinical manifestations, comorbidities, and the primary and differential diagnoses with their iICD-10 and DSM-5 codes. Information about the patient, healthcare provider, and clinic visit can help narrow the coding and billing options. The patient information includes the name, date of birth, the onset of symptoms, and insurance details. The healthcare provider’s details include the name, signature, address, and national provider identifier (NPI) number (Kusnoor et al., 2020). Furthermore, the clinic visit details include the type of visit, date and time of the visit, diagnosis and procedure codes, code modifiers, authorization information, and the items used to assess, diagnose, and treat the patient.
• Finally, explain how to improve documentation to support coding and billing for maximum reimbursement.]
Healthcare practitioners should be well-versed in the basic principles of assigning codes based on documentation for correct coding and billing. They can improve documentation by correctly specifying the patient’s diagnosis to ensure correct coding. Physicians, NPs, and physicians’ assistants can assign codes for documentation. However, information in nurses’ notes should not be coded to ensure maximum reimbursement (Clements, 2022). Furthermore, clinical documentation and coding can be improved by delineating the cause-and-effect using phrases like “because of” and “manifested by.” The Primary diagnosis should be indicated, which is the condition identified as the main reason for admitting the patient (Clements, 2022). Documentation can further be improved by using terms like “probable,” “suspected,” and “rule out” as appropriate when having an inconclusive diagnosis.

References
Clements, J. (2022). Thorough documentation for accurate ICD-10 coding. Outsource Strategies International.
Regier, D. A., & Narrow, W. E. (2018). Understanding ICD-10-CM and DSM-5: A quick guide for psychiatrists and other mental health clinicians. Retrieved September, 20, 2018.
Kusnoor, S. V., Blasingame, M. N., Williams, A. M., DesAutels, S. J., Su, J., & Giuse, N. B. (2020). A narrative review of the impact of the transition to ICD-10 and ICD-10-CM/PCS. JAMIA open, 3(1), 126-131. https://doi.org/10.1093/jamiaopen/ooz066

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Evaluation and Management (E/M)

Insurance coding and billing is complex, but it boils down to how to accurately apply a code, or CPT (current procedural terminology), to the service that you provided. The payer then reimburses the service at a certain rate. As a provider, you will have to understand what codes to use and what documentation is necessary to support coding.

For this Assignment, you will review evaluation and management (E/M) documentation for a patient and perform a crosswalk of codes from DSM-5-TR to ICD-10.

Resources

Be sure to review the Learning Resources before completing this activity.

Click the weekly resources link to access the resources.

WEEKLY RESOURCES

Learning Resources

Required Readings

American Psychiatric Association. (2022). ICD-10-CM Codes Update

Links to an external site.. https://www.psychiatry.org/psychiatrists/practice/dsm/updates-to-dsm/updates-to-dsm-5-tr-criteria-text

American Psychiatric Association. (2022). Changes to ICD-10-CM Codes for DSM-5 DiagnoseLinks to an external site.. https://www.psychiatry.org/psychiatrists/practice/dsm/updates-to-dsm/coding-updates

American Psychiatric Association. (2020). Updates to DSM–5 criteria, text and ICD-10 codes

Links to an external site.. https://www.psychiatry.org/psychiatrists/practice/dsm/updates-to-dsm-5

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Insurance implications of DSM-5

Links to an external site.. https://www.psychiatry.org/File%20Library/Psychiatrists/Practice/DSM/APA_DSM_Insurance-Implications-of-DSM-5.pdf

Clicking on this link will initiate the download of the PDF.

American Psychiatric Association. (2020). Coding and reimbursement

Links to an external site..

https://www.psychiatry.org/psychiatrists/practice/practice-management/coding-reimbursement-medicare-and-medicaid/coding-and-reimbursement

American Psychiatric Association. (2022). Numerical listing of DSM-5 diagnoses and codes (ICD-10-CM). In Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders

Links to an external site. (5th ed., text rev.). https://go.openathens.net/redirector/waldenu.edu?url=https://dsm.psychiatryonline.org/doi/book/10.1176/appi.books.9780890425787

Buppert, C. (2021). Nurse practitioner’s business practice and legal guide (7th ed.). Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Chapter 9, “Reimbursement for Nurse Practitioner Services”

Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. (2020). Your billing responsibilities

Links to an external site.. https://www.cms.gov/Medicare/Coordination-of-Benefits-and-Recovery/ProviderServices/Your-Billing-Responsibilities

Stewart, J. G., & DeNisco, S. M. (2019). Role development for the nurse practitioner (2nd ed.). Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Chapter 15, “Reimbursement for Nurse Practitioner Services”

Walden University Academic Skills Center. (2017). Developing SMART goals

Links to an external site.. https://academicguides.waldenu.edu/ld.php?content_id=51901492

Zakhari, R. (2021). The psychiatric-mental health nurse practitioner certification review manual. Springer Publishing Company.

Chapter 4 “Neuroanatomy, Physiology, and Mental Illness”

Document: E/M Patient Case Study

Download E/M Patient Case Study

To Prepare

Review this week’s Learning Resources on coding, billing, reimbursement.

Review the E/M patient case scenario provided.

The Assignment

Assign DSM-5-TR and ICD-10 codes to services based upon the patient case scenario.

Then, in 1–2 pages address the following. You may add your narrative answers to these questions to the bottom of the case scenario document and submit altogether as one document.

Explain what pertinent information, generally, is required in documentation to support DSM-5-TR and ICD-10 coding.

Explain what pertinent documentation is missing from the case scenario, and what other information would be helpful to narrow your coding and billing options.

Finally, explain how to improve documentation to support coding and billing for maximum reimbursement.

By Day 7 of Week 2

Submit your Assignment.

submission information

Before submitting your final assignment, you can check your draft for authenticity. To check your draft, access the Turnitin Drafts from the Start Here area.

To submit your completed assignment, save your Assignment as WK2Assgn1_LastName_Firstinitial

Then, click on Start Assignment near the top of the page.

Next, click on Upload File and select Submit Assignment for review.

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Rubric

NRNP_6675_Week2_Assignment1_Rubric

NRNP_6675_Week2_Assignment1_Rubric

Criteria Ratings Pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcome In the E/M patient case scenario provided:• Assign DSM-5 and ICD-10 codes to services based upon the patient case scenario.

20 to >17.0 pts

Excellent 90%–100%

DSM-5 and ICD-10 codes assigned to the scenario are correct, with no more than a minor error.

17 to >15.0 pts

Good 80%–89%

DSM-5 and ICD-10 codes assigned to the scenario are mostly correct, with a few minor errors.

15 to >13.0 pts

Fair 70%–79%

DSM-5 and ICD-10 codes assigned to the scenario contain several errors.

13 to >0 pts

Poor 0%–69%

DSM-5 and ICD-10 codes assigned to the scenario contain significant errors, or response is missing.

20 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcome In 1–2 pages, address the following: • Explain what pertinent information, generally, is required in documentation to support DSM-5 and ICD-10 coding.

25 to >22.0 pts

Excellent 90%–100%

The response accurately and concisely explains what pertinent documentation information is required to support DSM-5 and ICD-10 coding.

22 to >19.0 pts

Good 80%–89%

The response accurately explains what pertinent documentation information is required to support DSM-5 and ICD-10 coding.

19 to >17.0 pts

Fair 70%–79%

The response somewhat vaguely or inaccurately explains what pertinent documentation information is required to support DSM-5 and ICD-10 coding.

17 to >0 pts

Poor 0%–69%

The response vaguely or inaccurately explains what pertinent documentation information is required to support DSM-5 and ICD-10 coding, or the explanation is incomplete or missing.

25 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcome • Explain what pertinent documentation is missing from the case scenario, and what other information would be helpful to narrow your coding and billing options.

25 to >22.0 pts

Excellent 90%–100%

The response accurately and concisely identifies the pertinent misssing information from the case scenario and clearly identifies what additional information would narrow coding and billing options.

22 to >19.0 pts

Good 80%–89%

The response accurately identifies the pertinent misssing information from the case scenario and identifies what additional information would narrow coding and billing options.

19 to >17.0 pts

Fair 70%–79%

The response somewhat vaguely or inaccurately identifies the pertinent misssing information from the case scenario and identifies what additional information would narrow coding and billing options.

17 to >0 pts

Poor 0%–69%

The response vaguely or inaccurately identifies the pertinent misssing information from the case scenario or partially identifies what additional information would narrow coding and billing options, or this information is incomplete or missing.

25 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcome • Finally, explain how to improve documentation to support coding and billing for maximum reimbursement.

15 to >13.0 pts

Excellent 90%–100%

The response accurately and concisely explains how to improve documentation to support coding and billing for maximum reimbursement.

13 to >11.0 pts

Good 80%–89%

The response accurately explains how to improve documentation to support coding and billing for maximum reimbursement.

11 to >10.0 pts

Fair 70%–79%

The response somewhat vaguely or inaccurately explains how to improve documentation to support coding and billing for maximum reimbursement.

10 to >0 pts

Poor 0%–69%

The response vaguely or inaccurately explains how to improve documentation to support coding and billing for maximum reimbursement, or response may be incomplete or missing.

15 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcome Written Expression and Formatting – Paragraph Development and Organization: Paragraphs make clear points that support well-developed ideas, flow logically, and demonstrate continuity of ideas. Sentences are carefully focused—neither long and rambling nor short and lacking substance. A clear and comprehensive purpose statement and introduction are provided that delineate all required criteria.

5 to >4.0 pts

Excellent 90%–100%

Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity…. A clear and comprehensive purpose statement, introduction, and conclusion are provided that delineate all required criteria.

4 to >3.5 pts

Good 80%–89%

Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 80% of the time…. Purpose, introduction, and conclusion of the assignment are stated, yet are brief and not descriptive.

3.5 to >3.0 pts

Fair 70%–79%

Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 60%–79% of the time…. Purpose, introduction, and conclusion of the assignment are vague or off topic.

3 to >0 pts

Poor 0%–69%

Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity <60% of the time…. Purpose statement, introduction, and conclusion were not provided.

5 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcome Written Expression and Formatting – English Writing Standards: Correct grammar, mechanics, and proper punctuation

5 to >4.0 pts

Excellent 90%–100%

Uses correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation with no errors

4 to >3.5 pts

Good 80%–89%

Contains 1-2 grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors

3.5 to >3.0 pts

Fair 70%–79%

Contains 3-4 grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors

3 to >0 pts

Poor 0%–69%

Contains five or more grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors that interfere with the reader’s understanding

5 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcome Written Expression and Formatting – The paper follows correct APA format for parenthetical/in-text citations and reference list.

5 to >4.0 pts

Excellent 90%–100%

Uses correct APA format with no errors

4 to >3.5 pts

Good 80%–89%

Contains 1-2 APA format errors

3.5 to >3.0 pts

Fair 70%–79%

Contains 3-4 APA format errors

3 to >0 pts

Poor 0%–69%

Contains five or more APA format errors

5 pts

Total Points: 100

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