NR501NP Week Five Annotated Bibliography Assignment Paper

NR501NP Week Five Annotated Bibliography Assignment Paper

NR501NP Week Five Annotated Bibliography Assignment Paper

This paper will outline scholarly literature that addresses the five theories: Health Belief Model, Transtheoretical Model of Behavioral Change, Social Cognitive Theory, Family Systems Theory and Family Assessment and Intervention Model. The annotation will describe the summary of the article, the relationship between the theory and the article, and a reflection on the impact of this information on future advanced nursing practice.

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Health Belief Model

Mercadante, A. R., & Law, A. V. (2021). Will they, or Won’t they? Examining patients’ vaccine intention for flu and COVID-19 using the Health Belief Model.Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy, 17(9), 1596–1605.

The above study was an investigation that determined and addressed the factors that drive perceptions and intentions of the population to be vaccinated. The study was conducted during the Covid19 pandemic period to understand the factors that influenced the decision of the population to be vaccinated against the virus. The researchers had two objectives. The first one was to determine the impact of the Covid19 pandemic on the uptake of influenza vaccine, on patient perceptions of vaccinations, vaccine intention, and health behaviors. The second objective was to determine the intention of the participants to be vaccinated through the health belief model. The researchers utilized prospective qualtrics-based survey that was administeredonline to potential participants. The participants comprised non-pregnant respondents aged above 18 years and above in the United States.

The researchers analyzed data using psychometric analyses, descriptive statistics, and mapping and path analysis of the health belief model. The study utilized data that was obtained from 525 participants. Their ages ranged between 18 and 49 years, with income of less than $20000 or undisclosed for some. The analysis of data showed that there was low vaccine acceptance if the participants did not have anyone close to them being directly affected by Covid19. The analysis of health belief model showed significant correlations between all the modifying factors with individual perceptions apart from race/ethnicity. Perceived barriers and benefits significantly predicted decision-making determinant and vaccine intention among the participants.

The article relates to the health belief model. The researchers utilize the health belief model to predict the potential of behavioral change among the population. The article examines the different concepts of the health belief model such as perceived benefits, severity, cues to action, and barriers to determine their influence on the population’s perceptions and uptake of covid19 vaccines. The researchers also use the model to predict the effectiveness of the different strategies that were adopted to increase vaccine uptake during the pandemic.

The article is relevant to future nurse practitioner practice. First, it informs the factors that influence behavioral change in the population. The findings in the article inform nurse practitioner’s strategies to enhance the uptake of health promotion interventions by the public. The article also increases the nurses’ understanding of the enablers and barriers to behavioral change among the population. Therefore, nurse practitioners can use the article to develop effective strategies to enhance the population’s perception, knowledge, and attitude towards health promotion and disease prevention initiatives.

Transtheoretical Model of Behavioral Change

Shaver, E. R., McGlumphy, K. C., Gill, A. K., &Hasson, R. E. (2019). Application of the Transtheoretical Model to Physical Activity and Exercise Behaviors in African-American Adolescents.American Journal of Health Behavior, 43(1), 119–132.

The above study is an investigation that focused on the use of the transtheoretical model of behavioral change to promote the engagement in physical activity and exercises among African-American adolescents. The researchers focused on investigating the inter-relationship that exists between the constructs of the transtheoretical model and determined utility of the model to predict physical activity among the study population. The researchers used children and adolescents in Washtenaw County in Michigan as the participants of this study. The study used 109 African-American youth, with 62% of them being girls. The independent variables in the study included self-efficacy, processes of change, stages of change, and decisional balance. The approaches to data analysis included t-tests, chi-square tests, and ANOVA. This study found that higher stages of the transtheoretical model were associated with high self-efficacy in both boys and girls. The constructs did not reveal any differences between both genders.

The chosen article relates to the transtheoretical model of behavioral change. The article examines the effect of each of the constructs of the model on creating the desired behaviors among African American adolescents. The article also examines the correlation between each construct and behavioral change among the population. Therefore, the article shows how the transtheoretical model can be used to promote positive behaviors among the populations at risk of health problems such as obesity and overweight.

The article is relevant for future nurse practitioner practice. First, it provides nurse practitioners the basis for population-centered projects that promote behavioral change. Nurse practitioners can adopt the methods used in the article to determine the impact of each of the constructs of the transtheoretical model on behavioral change. Secondly, nurse practitioners can use the article to predict the potential factors that influence behavioral change in a population. The different strategies adopted in the stages of the model influence behavioral change in a position. This implies that nurse practitioners can predict the potential factors that influence behavioral change and implement effective strategies to address potential resistance.

Social Cognitive Theory

Gowin, M., Wilkerson, A., Maness, S., Larson, D. J., Crowson, H. M., Smith, M., & Cheney, M. K. (2019). Wearable Activity Tracker Use in Young Adults Through the Lens of Social Cognitive Theory. American Journal of Health Education, 50(1), 40–51.

The above article is a research that was conducted to explore the use of wearable trackers by young adults through the social cognitive theory. The researchers aimed at understanding the reasons and benefits of young adults adopting wearable technologies ahead of research. The researchers adopted a qualitative methodology where interviews were conducted with the participants to assess the constructs of the social cognitive theory and their impact on behavioral change. Case purposive sampling was used to select subjects for this study. The approach to data analysis entails transcribing the data, checking for accuracy, and using NVivo software for analysis. 35 college students and 22 straight-to-work young adults were recruited for the study.

The study results showed that most participants had little knowledge about the benefits or risks of their health behaviors. However, they had high expectations on how the devices would help them develop and maintain positive behaviors. Self-regulatory aspects of the technology use were considered as benefits. The participants did not set goals besides those set by their devices. The wearable devices were associated with increased self-efficacy.

The article relates to the social cognitive theory. The article shows the influence of environmental factors such as technological use for health promotion on health behavior. This aligns with the aim of social cognitive theory, which examines the effect of experiences, others’ actions, and environment on behavioral change. The article also assesses the effect of wearable technology use on social cognitive theory constructs such as self-efficacy, expectations, self-control, and observational learning. Therefore, the article relates to the theory.

The article is relevant to the future nurse practitioner role. Technological advancements and use in healthcare characterize the current healthcare environment. As a result, nurse practitioners will use the article to understand the motivation of the population to embrace technologies. Nurse practitioners will also use it to assess the self-efficacy, expectations, and experiences of the population with the technologies. Therefore, the article informs future studies on the use of technologies in healthcare.

Family Systems Theory

Chaney, C. (2020). Family Stress and Coping Among African Americans in the Age of COVID-19. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 51(3–4), 254–273.

The above study is a research that investigated the family stress and coping among African Americans in the age of Covid19. The author adopted a narrative and literature review to examine the impact of Covid19 on African American families and the coping strategies they adopted to overcome them. The author identifies that Covid19 had a significant impact on African Americans as compared to other ethnicities. Policies such as social distancing affected the family’s role in disease management in African American settings. The author identifies different resources that African Americans families utilized during the pandemic. They included families and the Black Church. Therefore, the author recommends the use of the family systems theory to understand the impact of the pandemic on African American families and the coping strategies they utilized.

The article relates to the family systems theory. First, the article shows the complex nature of African American families. It shows the crucial role that the existing family ties helped African American families overcome the challenges experienced during the pandemic. The article also shows the importance of interactions among family members. The interactions influence behaviors of the other family members, hence, the significance of family systems theory during crises. Lastly, the article shows the need for viewing families as systems and not individuals. Therefore, a change in an individual affects the entire family system, as seen from the impact of Voci19 on African American families.

The article is relevant to future nurse practitioner practice. It increases the nurse practitioners’ understanding of the importance of promoting the optimum health outcomes of the families they serve. The article stresses the importance of addressing the individual needs in a family as it affects the functioning of a family as a whole. The article will also enhance the nurse practitioner’s understanding of the need to link individuals and families to resources and support systems that help them overcome their challenges.

Family Assessment and Intervention Model

Mileski, M., McClay, R., Heinemann, K., & Dray, G. (2022). Efficacy of the Use of the Calgary Family Intervention Model in Bedside Nursing Education: A Systematic Review. Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare, 15, 1323–1347.

The above article is a systematic review that investigated the efficacy of using the Calgary Family Intervention Model in bedside nursing education. The researchers performed a literature search on websites that included Medline, PuMed, Web of Science, Science Direct, and CINAHL. The search yielded 24 articles that were used in the review. The analysis of data in the articles showed that the Calgary Family Intervention Model is effective for use in nurses’ bedside education. It improves patient and family outcomes. The model also improves collaboration, communication, and family and patient involvement in the care process.

The article related to the family assessment and intervention model. The article shows the importance of incorporating the model in nursing practice. It shows its impacts on patient, family, and nursing outcomes. The article also identifies some of the challenges that may be experienced in the use of the model in nursing practice. Therefore, it illuminates light into the relevance of the family assessment and intervention model in nursing and healthcare.

The article is relevant to future nurse practitioner practice. Nurse practitioners can use it to increase the participation of patients and their families in their care. It also strengthens care coordination among different healthcare providers involved in the provision of patient care. Nurse practitioners can also use it as a theoretical basis for their studies that aim at understanding patient and family experiences with the care. Therefore, the model is important for nurse practitioner practice.


This paper has examined scholarly literature on the provided five theories. The analysis has shown how the articles relate to the theories. It has also shown the impact of the articles on the future nurse practitioner roles. Nurse practitioners should explore how to incorporate the constructs of the theories into their practice.


Description of the Assignment

An annotated bibliography is an alphabetical list of information sources (such as journal articles), formatted like a bibliography or a reference list, accompanied by a commentary, or annotation, for each source. The purpose of an annotated bibliography is to learn about a topic through a critical review of literature and encourage a deeper engagement with literature to develop analytical skills.

This assignment presents a method for examining several theories important and useful to the nurse practitioner role. 

Preparing the Assignment

For this assignment, you will use the five theories/models listed below:

Health Belief Model

Transtheoretical Model of Behavioral Change

Social Cognitive Theory

Family Systems Theory

Family Assessment and Intervention Model

Search the library for literature. Locate one article related to each selected theory or model.

Use only scholarly sources as defined for the NP program: A US-based peer-reviewed journal for clinicians (MD/DO/NP/PA) published in the past five years or the latest clinical practice guideline (CPG).

Prepare an annotated entry for each source. Begin with the full APA citation of the source, followed by 2-3 paragraphs:

Summarize the article.

Describe how the article relates to the chosen theory/model.

Reflect on how the article could (or could not) be relevant to future Nurse Practitioner practice.

Criteria for Format and Special Instructions

The paper should not include a separate title page. No reference page is necessary as it will incorporate the references into the body of the bibliography.

The template must be used for this assignment: NR501NP Week 5 Assignment TemplateLinks to an external site..

A minimum of 5 (five) scholarly references must be used. Required textbooks for this course and Chamberlain College of Nursing lesson information may NOT be used as scholarly references for this assignment. Be aware that information from .com websites may be incorrect and should be avoided.

References are current – within a 5-year time frame unless a valid rationale is provided and the instructor has approved them.

In-text citations are not required in the annotated bibliography.

Rules of grammar, spelling, word usage and punctuation are followed and consistent with formal, cientific writing.

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