ASSIGNMENT: KNOWLEDGE CHECK PEDIATRICSM

ASSIGNMENT: KNOWLEDGE CHECK PEDIATRICSM

ASSIGNMENT: KNOWLEDGE CHECK PEDIATRICSM

PEDIATRICS

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In this exercise, you will complete a 5-essay type question Knowledge Check to gauge your understanding of this module’s content.

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Possible topics covered in this Knowledge Check include:

Growth and development
Normal growth patterns
Scoliosis (ortho)
Kawasaki
Alterations in children
Congenital (heart syndrome)
PDAs
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)
Asthma
Lead poisoning and effects on neurological functioning
Sickle cell
HemophiliaNote: It is strongly recommended that you take the Knowledge Check at least 48 hours before taking the Final Exam.

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RESOURCES

Be sure to review the Learning Resources before completing this activity.

Clic

Question 1

4 pts

Scenario 1: Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL)

An 11-year-old boy is brought to the clinic by his parents who states that the boy has not been eating and listless. The mother also notes that he has been easily bruising without trauma as he says he is too tired to go out and play. He says his bones hurt sometimes. Mother states the child has had intermittent fevers that respond to acetaminophen.

Maternal history negative for pre, intra, or post-partum problems.

PMH: Negative. Easily reached developmental milestones.

PE: reveals a thin, very pale child who has bruises on his arms and legs in no particular pattern.

LABS: CBC revealed Hemoglobin of 6.9/dl, hematocrit of 19%, and platelet count of 80,000/mm3. The CMP demonstrated a blood urea nitrogen (BUN) of 34m g/dl and creatinine of 2.9 mg/dl.

DIAGNOSIS: acute leukemia and renal failure and immediately refers the patient to the Emergency Room where a pediatric hematologist has been consulted and is waiting for the boy and his parents.

CONFIRMED DX: acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) was made after extensive testing.

Question

1. Explain what ALL is?

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Question 2

4 pts

Scenario 1: Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL)

An 11-year-old boy is brought to the clinic by his parents who states that the boy has not been eating and listless. The mother also notes that he has been easily bruising without trauma as he says he is too tired to go out and play. He says his bones hurt sometimes. Mother states the child has had intermittent fevers that respond to acetaminophen.

Maternal history negative for pre, intra, or post-partum problems.

PMH: Negative. Easily reached developmental milestones.

PE: reveals a thin, very pale child who has bruises on his arms and legs in no particular pattern.

LABS: CBC revealed Hemoglobin of 6.9/dl, hematocrit of 19%, and platelet count of 80,000/mm3. The CMP demonstrated a blood urea nitrogen (BUN) of 34m g/dl and creatinine of 2.9 mg/dl.

DIAGNOSIS: acute leukemia and renal failure and immediately refers the patient to the Emergency Room where a pediatric hematologist has been consulted and is waiting for the boy and his parents.

CONFIRMED DX: acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) was made after extensive testing.

Question

1. Why does ARF occur in some patients with ALL?

Question 3

4 pts

Scenario 2: Sickle Cell Disease (SCD)

A 15-year-old male with known sickle cell disease (SCD) present to the ER in sickle cell crisis. The patient is crying with pain and states this is the third acute episode he has had in the last 10-months. Both parents are present and appear very anxious and teary eyed. A diagnosis of acute sickle cell crisis was made.

Question

1. Explain the pathophysiology of acute SCD crisis. Why is pain the predominate feature of acute crises?

Question 4

4 pts

Scenario 2: Sickle Cell Disease (SCD)

A 15-year-old male with known sickle cell disease (SCD) present to the ER in sickle cell crisis. The patient is crying with pain and states this is the third acute episode he has had in the last 10-months. Both parents are present and appear very anxious and teary eyed. A diagnosis of acute sickle cell crisis was made.

Question

1. Discuss the genetic basis for SCD.

Question 5

4 pts

Scenario 3: Hemophilia

8-month infant is brought into the office due to a swollen right knee and excessive bruising. The parents have noticed bruising about a month ago but thought the bruising was due to the attempts to crawl. They became concerned when the baby woke up with a swollen knee. Infant up to date on all immunizations, has not had any medical problems since birth and has met all developmental milestones.

FH: negative for any history of bleeding disorders or other major genetic diseases.

PE: within normal limits except for obvious bruising on the extremities and right knee. Knee is swollen but no warmth appreciated. Range of motion of knee limited due to the swelling.

DIAGNOSIS: hemophilia A.

Question

1. What is the pathophysiology of Hemophilia

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