Assignment: Double-Edged Sword of Technology

Assignment: Double-Edged Sword of Technology

Assignment: Double-Edged Sword of Technology

Learning Objectives

By the end of this chapter, you should be able to:

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Assignment: Double-Edged Sword of Technology
Just from $13/Page
Order Essay

1. Describe how medical technologies contribute to high healthcare costs.

2. Describe connections between technological advances in care and patients’ expectations.

3. Explain how medical technologies are becoming increasingly patient-facing.

4. Discuss how medical technologies can be used to reform the U.S. healthcare system in the areas of accountability, efficiency, and effectiveness.

10

Burlingham/iStock/Thinkstock

The Double-Edged Sword of Technology: Need Versus Cost Chapter 10

Imagine entering a doctor’s office and the doctors and nurses have access to all of your previous medical records. Your waiting time is shortened, you don’t need to fill out forms, and you don’t have to explain prior hospitalizations. And should you move to a new city, your medical files will follow you there. Now imagine being able to review your lab results on your iPad at home and send electronic messages to your doctor’s office at any hour of the day. These types of interactions may be less common right now, but with the growth of new technologies in healthcare, they could become part of the typical healthcare experience in the United States.

Medical technologies can include a broad array of devices, instruments, or systems related to how medical knowledge is applied. Such technologies are not limited to the way we transmit health information, but can include innovative devices, such as an artificial pancreas for diabetics and brain implants for epileptics, and treatment procedures. Medical technology extends even to video games designed to hone the decision-making skills of medical students. Though varied, all of these technological innovations share the same goals: To help people stay healthy, diagnose disease, treat illness, and provide a better quality of life for patients.

Table 10.1 shows some examples of recent developments in medical technology.

Table 10.1: Examples of medical technology

Pharmaceuticals

Medical procedures

Medical devices

Diagnostic equipment

Information technology

Chicken pox vaccine Open-heart surgery Pacemaker MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)

Electronic health record

Viagra Arthroscopic knee surgery

Insulin infusion pump

CT (computed tomography)

Telemedicine

Some have argued that medical technology is the most significant catalyst for change in the healthcare sector. This chapter introduces the leading medical technologies and discusses the role they play in sustaining particular aspects of the U.S. healthcare system, such as high costs, healthcare disparities, and the culture of healthcare. The chapter also describes the complexity of the advantages and disadvantages of these technologies in the ever-changing healthcare land- scape of the United States.

10.1 The Double-Edged Sword of Technology: Need Versus Cost

It is hard to deny two aspects of medical technologies: their benefits and their costs. Tied to the notion of efficiency (see Chapter 1), a healthcare system is challenged to balance the health needs of its population and the costs of providing the best healthcare services available.

The medical technology industry is one of the most profitable industries in the United States. In fact, the United States is both the largest producer of medical technologies and the biggest consumer. The U.S. market value share exceeded $110 billion in 2012, equivalent to almost 40% of the global medical technologies industry (Select USA, n.d.). According to the Department of Commerce, U.S. exports of medical technologies were valued at approximately $44.2 billion in 2012, a 7.2% increase from the previous year (Los Angeles County Medical Association, 2013).

The Double-Edged Sword of Technology: Need Versus Cost Chapter 10

One subset of this industry includes companies producing medical devices. Several of these com- panies have international reputations for their innovations and high quality standards. This can be attributed in part to the large investment in research and development (R&D), which more than doubled during the 1990s. In fact, research and development in this industry is more than double what is invested in other domestic industries.

The outcomes of these significant investments in medical technology have been credited with increasing life expectancy in the United States. Although life expectancy more than doubled between the years 1900 to 1965 due to improved sanitation, nutrition, and overall living condi- tions, increases in longevity beyond this have largely been attributed to medical technologies (Burger, Baudisch, & Vaupel, 2012).

However, the increase in longevity has come with other costs. Some have argued that one rea- son the United States has not been able to fund medical care for the entire population is the high costs associated with operating a healthcare system that is reliant on medical technologies (Chaudhry et al., 2006). In contrast, other countries with a universal healthcare system (e.g., the United Kingdom [UK] and Canada) have much tighter regulations on the use of technology in basic healthcare. These health systems use medical rationing, a process which restricts health- care goods and services based on the value they add to an additional year of an individual’s life (i.e., quality-adjusted life year). For example, in the UK, the healthcare system generally does not recommend paying for therapies that exceed more than $31,000 to $47,000 for each year of life gained (Porter, 2012). As a result, a patient might not have access to the latest (i.e., most expen- sive) therapy available. This type of rationing has been strongly criticized for “putting a price on life” and has been widely rejected by the majority of Americans. The tradeoff is that medical rationing enables the UK to offer free healthcare to all its legal residents, not simply to those who can afford it. Assignment: Double-Edged Sword of Technology.

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
$0.00
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with Proscholarly
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
Testimonials
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Medicine
This was done very well. Thank you!
Customer 452441, November 11th, 2022
Medicine
Good work. Will be placing another order tomorrow
Customer 452441, November 11th, 2022
Medicine
Great work, Thank you, will come back with more work
Customer 452441, November 11th, 2022
Medicine
Well researched paper. Excellent work
Customer 452441, November 11th, 2022
DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF NURSE ADVOCATE HEALTHCARE PROGRAM
The absolute best ! Thanks for great communication, quality papers, and amazing time delivery!
Customer 452467, November 14th, 2022
Medicine
Very fond of the paper written. The topic chosen is defiantly trending at this time
Customer 452495, July 27th, 2023
11,595
Customer reviews in total
96%
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
37%
Customers referred by a friend
OUR GIFT TO YOU
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat